“VCL BUSINESS CLUB” : SOME NEWS FROM FRANCE - WEEK 36

Gratuit
Recevez toutes nos informations et actualités par Email.

Entrez votre adresse email:

Paris property prices reach all-time high

Property prices in the French capital have reached their highest-ever level with an increase of 7.8 per cent over the past 12 months. The average cost of a 50-square-metre apartment in Paris is now around 334,000 euros.

A study by the Notary’s Association of Paris and the surrounding region says the rise in prices is due to a lack of properties for sale.

Christian Lefebre, President of the Association, says prices should continue to rise through the end of the year as demand continues to outstrip supply, and should reach 10 per cent for the whole of 2010.

Prices vary throughout the capital, with the sixth district claiming the prize for the most expensive arrondissement, closely followed by the seventh and the fourth districts.

At the other end of the scale, the nineteenth district has the cheapest properties, costing on average 267,000 euros for 50 square metres.

The price increase is not restricted to the capital. According to Insee, the National Statistics Insitute, the cost of apartments across France has risen overall by six per cent, with a rise in house prices of 5.8 per cent.

But Lefebre warns that the rise may not continue. In an interview with Le Parisien newspaper, he says interest rates on property loans, which are at an historic low, are bound to rise in the medium term, which will reduce what buyers can pay.

 “I don’t think we are looking at the same situation we had at the end of the 1980s when there were plenty of properties for sale,” he said. “This is the housing market catching up after a drop in prices in 2008 and 2009.”

http://www.english.rfi.fr/economy/20100910-paris-property-prices-reach-all-time-high

 

Europe and US in software divergence

Europe’s biggest countries lag behind the US in providing a competitive environment for software companies, according to a new study that also ranks Germany, the UK and France below some of their smaller, but more focused, neighbours.

The study, by Germany’s prestigious Fraunhofer Institute, puts Denmark and Ireland above even the US in fostering the right environment for the sector based on criteria such as investor friendliness, the level of research and development and domestic demand for computer programmes.

“These are small markets and the homegrown companies as a result are very small and specialised,” said Timo Leimbach from Fraunhofer’s Institute for Systems and Innovation Research in Karlsruhe, which assessed the industry in 25 European nations, the US and Japan.

“If you look at Europe as a whole, you notice that the region doesn’t have many big software companies, and those that it has [such as the region’s only big global group, SAP] are quite old, predominantly founded in the 1970s.”

Software AG, which commissioned the Fraunhofer study, is so worried about the growing divergence between Europe and the US that it is pushing the German government – and through it the European Union – to do more to focus computer expertise into regions akin to Silicon Valley in the US.

Tenth-placed Germany boasts the same level of demand for software as the UK, but fares worse in economic terms. It is home to SAP but overall employment in the software sector is moderate. It does even worse when it comes to general business conditions for the sector, such as the lack of red tape.

Karl-Heinz Streibich, Software’s chief executive, said “collaboration, networks and clusters” should be seen as “ecosystems which offer the opportunity to be more productive and more innovative in the long-term than any one company on its own”.

The UK, Europe’s largest market, was ranked sixth overall in the study, profiting greatly from the economic effects of being a regional jumping-off point for US companies such as Microsoft, but doing badly in terms of research and development spending.

 France came 12th in the study because of its weak spending on research and a poor supply of highly skilled workers.

http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/54dfcb26-b944-11df-99be-00144feabdc0.html

 

Halal Foods Expand Reach in France

For years, Anissa Benchamacha bought her meat in a parking lot, from vendors hawking near-expired products to Muslims eager to find food that met their religious requirements.

But on a recent afternoon, Ms. Benchamacha stood in quiet wonderment before the tidy rows of packaged cold cuts in Hal’Shop, a new supermarket in this middle-class Paris suburb, a few aisles away from the cans of foie gras and bottles of nonalcoholic champagne — all of them halal, or permitted under Islam.

“I came here on the first day of its opening,” she said. “It’s good that things are changing in this country.”

France has the largest population of Muslims in Europe, about six million, and even as they listen to the country debate the terms of their integration into French society, they are having a major impact on the food culture.

Whether a reflection of their sheer numbers or the rising incomes of second- and third-generation Muslim immigrants, the market in halal goods is nearly twice the size of the market for organic food.

France is clearly worried about the cultural loyalties of its Muslims and what that may mean for the future. The lower house of Parliament voted overwhelmingly this summer to ban the wearing of full facial veils in public places, and the Senate is expected to take up the matter in the coming months. The expansion of halal has also stirred protest, with some government officials denouncing it as spreading “sectarianism” and inviting discrimination against non-Muslims.

Proponents of the phenomenon agree that the expanding array of halal food here is a sign that the blending of religion, commerce and culture has been more extensive than many realize. But they have a very different take on the trend.

“It’s a sign of integration,” said Abbas Bendali, the director of Solis, a market research agency, who says the halal market is growing nearly 10 percent a year and should reach about $5.7 billion this year. The younger segment of France’s Muslim population, he said, “no longer lives with the myth of returning to their home country.”

Regardless of the emotions it stirs, the growth of halal in France is undeniable. In the last five years alone, spending per household on halal food has grown twentyfold, according to the daily newspaper Le Figaro.

Halal offerings have also moved upscale, from the traditional neighborhood butcher who sold meat slaughtered in accordance with Islamic law, to a significant presence in French food industries, supermarkets and even restaurants.

A number of major French supermarkets devote entire aisles to halal food products, including chicken sausage, paella and lasagna. One supermarket chain, Auchan, carries a total of 80 certified-halal cured meat products, along with 40 kinds of halal frozen goods and about 30 precooked halal meals.

Even iconic French charcuterie and catering brands like Fleury Michon, Herta and Pierre Martinet have introduced halal lines, while Évian put a halal stamp on some of its bottles to reassure its Muslim clientele that the bottles had never been in close contact with alcohol, which would render the water haram, or unclean.

The gleaming aisles of Hal’Shop, which opened last year, bear little resemblance to the blood-stained walls of the halal butcher shops of Paris’s working-class neighborhoods. Hal’Shop has 1,600 products, including traditional French dishes like boeuf carottes and cervelas de volaille; cans of foie gras; and bottles of Night Orient, an alcohol-free champagne made from grape pressings.

“Until now, the halal market was reserved to workers over 55,” said the supermarket’s owner, Rachid Bakhalq. “The products were ‘ethnic,’ like couscous or spices, and badly packaged — the kind of low-quality products that Muslim customers would have bought in their own home country.”

Mr. Bakhalq, 30, studied at a top business school in France and later worked in a pharmaceutical company in England. He sees himself as part of a new generation of halal gourmets, as a member of a social layer often referred to here as the “beurgeois,” a play on “bourgeois” and the word “beur,” a slang word for Arab.

Sensing opportunity, brands like Roger Vidal, a quintessentially French manufacturer of foie gras and terrines, have invested in this new wave of gastronomic halal. In 2008, Roger Vidal put out a range of six terrine products featuring halal-certified meat, including a lamb terrine with almonds and prunes, and an “oriental poultry mousse.”

Some stylish Parisian restaurants have begun, discreetly, making their menus halal as well. Les Enfants Terribles in the 12th Arrondissement offers updated bistro cuisine and a fixed menu costing around $37, all of it halal, a notable departure from the more traditional halal eateries, many of which feature the ubiquitous kebabs sliced off a rotating skewer.

While many see the growing popularity of halal as a sign of tolerance and modernity in the context of “laïcité” — France’s sacrosanct brand of official secularism — some have condemned the expansion of halal as threatening and often uncontrollable, a sign of increased religious dogmatism and even Muslim radicalism among young people.

Last year, the mayor of Roubaix, a city in northern France with a large Muslim population, filed a complaint against a fast-food chain called Quick after it decided to offer exclusively halal meat in eight of its restaurants in Muslim neighborhoods and no longer serve pork in them.

Quick said the operation was only an “experiment” aimed at testing a growing market in France. But the mayor, René Vandierendonck, denounced what he called the spread of discrimination against non-Muslims. He was joined by legislators from President Nicolas Sarkozy’s governing party, including the minister of agriculture, Bruno Le Maire, who declared that Quick “had fallen into sectarianism” by removing pork from its restaurants.

Even Brigitte Bardot, the actress and outspoken animal-rights activist, told Europe 1 radio last month that halal meat “had invaded France.”

Yet the debate does not seem to bother Mr. Bakhalq. He is a contented entrepreneur, happy to offer his Muslim customers “something that they’ve always wanted to eat.”

He compared the new pride in halal food to the Black is Beautiful movement in the United States.

“Those who come to my shop feel proud, proud to find products they care about,” he said. “It boosts their self-esteem, and they feel valued.”

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/09/world/europe/09france.html?_r=1&ref=france

 

AU BUREAU, LE TRAVAIL DES FRANÇAIS SE FRAGMENTE

C’est une des conséquences de l’explosion des réseaux sociaux et de la multiplication des flux d’information. Selon une étude réalisé par l’éditeur de logiciels Sciforma, il est aujourd’hui impossible pour un Français de rester concentrer plus de 12 minutes sur son travail. La faute aux messages personnels, SMS, et appels téléphoniques

Selon cette étude, la plupart des Français au travail (93,3%) passent plus de quatre heures par jour devant leur écran d’ordinateur, et sept sur dix y passent au moins 6 heures durant leur journée au bureau.

Cependant, il est devient de plus en plus difficile de se concentrer.

En moyenne, les travailleurs ne restent pas plus de 12 minutes sur leur tâche sans être interrompus. La messagerie électronique est la première source de déconcentration. En moyenne, un Français reçoit au bureau 34 emails par jour, et 15,5% en reçoivent même plus de 60 quotidiennement.

En y ajoutant les SMS, chacun déclare recevoir en moyenne 40 messages par jour, dont près d’un tiers revêt un caractère personnel.

De plus, 93% des personnes interrogées sont alertées immédiatement par l’arrivée d’un email, et 68% de la réception d’un SMS. Au final, ce sont trois Français sur quatre qui avouent interrompre leur travail en cours pour regarder le contenu du nouveau message.

UN USAGE TRES PERSONNEL D’INTERNET AU BUREAU

Au bureau, les Français déclarent aussi consacrer du temps à s’informer, se cultiver ou se divertir. Près de 40% passent ainsi plus d’une heure par jour sur leur ordinateur pour s’informer, un tiers consacrent du temps à se cultiver, et 70% pour gérer leurs affaires personnelles (banque, factures, impôts, etc.). Enfin, plus d’une personne interrogée sur deux confie se connecter à des réseaux sociaux depuis leur lieu de travail.

Les Français n’en demeurent pas moins bien organisés pour tenter de garder le cap. 91,4% déclarent ainsi établir une liste professionnelle de “choses à faire”, et 82,5% disent savoir en arrivant le matin au bureau ce qu’ils doivent ou veulent réaliser comme tâches.

http://www.lemondeinformatique.fr/actualites/lire-au-bureau-le-travail-des-francais-se-fragmente-31599.htm

 

DISTRIBUTION: LES DEPENSES DES FRANÇAIS REPARTENT

Chaque ménage français a dépensé 30 euros de plus au premier semestre 2010 dans la grande distribution. Une embellie paradoxale dans un contexte de taux de chomâge très élevé et de consommation globale des ménages “en berne”.

Chaque ménage français a dépensé 30 euros de plus au premier semestre 2010 dans la grande distribution, renouant avec des comportements de consommation d’avant-crise, selon une étude Kantar Worldpanel publiée vendredi. Le budget moyen des ménages pour les produits de grande consommation et le frais libre-service s’est ainsi élevé à 1.339 euros au premier semestre contre 1.309 euros au premier semestre 2009.

Cette embellie est paradoxale dans un contexte de taux de chomâge très élevé et de consommation globale des ménages “en berne”, relève l’étude, et elle pourrait être mise à mal par une conjoncture qui reste mauvaise.

De plus, “tout le monde ne participe pas à cette croissance” de la consommation: les familles avec des enfants à l’école primaire ont même réduit de 2 euros leurs dépenses, qu’elles surveillent toujours “à l’euro près”, a souligné lors d’une conférence de presse Isabelle Kaiffer, directrice marketing à Kantar Wordlpanel.

A contrario, le budget a augmenté bien plus que la moyenne chez les jeunes couples (+64 euros) ou chez les couples d’âge moyen (+60 euros).

Au premier semestre 2010, la consommation des Français a progressé davantage en valeur (+3,2%) qu’en volume (+2,4%): les Français n’ont pas vraiment acheté plus de produits, mais se sont fait plaisir en acquérant des articles un peu plus chers.

NOUVEL ENGOUEMENT POUR LES PRODUITS PLAISIRS

Les consommateurs ont renoué avec des comportements d’avant-crise, alors que de nombreuses études assuraient que les habitudes de consommation adoptées pendant la crise allaient perdurer.

L’étude met ainsi en lumière un nouvel engouement pour les produits plaisir (saumon, confiseries…) ou les articles pratiques, ainsi qu’une progression des marques nationales, tandis que la part de marché des marques de distributeurs se stabilise.

Le grand perdant est le circuit du hard discount qui revient à sa part de marché d’avant-crise, avec 13,7%. Les consommateurs “recherchent moins systèmatiquement l’enseigne la moins chère”, indique Mme Kaiffer.

http://www.lexpansion.com/economie/actualite-economique/distribution-les-depenses-des-francais-repartent_238735.html

 

L’E-COMMERCE FRANÇAIS SE PORTE BIEN

Plus de ventes en ligne, plus d’acheteurs et plus de sites… Le commerce électronique hexagonal inspire davantage confiance aux internautes et, du coup, multiplie les records.

Le commerce électronique français affiche une santé de fer et un premier semestre record avec plus de ventes, d’acheteurs et de sites, inspirant de plus en plus confiance aux internautes.

“Nous avons une nouvelle fois un record en chiffre d’affaires, un record en nombre de sites marchands, un record en nombre d’internautes et un record en nombre de gens qui achètent sur internet”, s’est félicité, lors d’une conférence de presse jeudi 9 septembre, François Momboisse, président de la Fédération du e-commerce et de la vente à distance (Fevad).

Les ventes sur internet ont bondi de 29% au premier semestre à 14,5 milliards d’euros, avec près de 156 millions de transactions. Si cette tendance “se poursuit, on devrait passer la barre des 32 milliards en 2010″, a pronostiqué Marc Lolivier, délégué général. La Fevad tablait initialement sur plus de 30 milliards d’euros.

26,4 MILLIONS DE CYBERACHETEURS

“De plus en plus de chaînes de magasins qui jusqu’à présent en France étaient un peu timides sur internet ou refractaires, et qui avaient soit des sites vitrines ou des sites sous un autre nom, viennent sur internet”, a également souligné François Momboisse. Le nombre de sites marchands actifs en France a ainsi grimpé de 29% à 70.200.

Le nombre de cyberacheteurs s’est lui accru de 17%, à 26,4 millions, soit 4 millions de plus, a précisé Bertrand Krug, directeur de la mesure d’efficacité en ligne de Médiamétrie/Netratings. C’est plus que la croissance du nombre d’internautes (+9%). “On est dans un processus de rattrapage où les anciens internautes se mettent également à acheter” en ligne, a-t-il ajouté.

Près de deux tiers des internautes (65,1%) “déclarent avoir confiance dans l’achat en ligne, qu’ils soient acheteurs ou pas”, a-t-il souligné.

Le montant moyen des transactions s’est élevé à 93 euros (+4%), se rapprochant du record établi au premier trimestre 2008 (94 euros).

Chaque cyberacheteur a déboursé en moyenne au premier semestre 650 euros en sept transactions.

PRICEMINISTER EN TETE

PriceMinister a détrôné eBay à la tête du classement des 15 sites marchands les plus visités au deuxième trimestre. Une première pour un classement établi en 2005 et qui a vu la première place monopolisée depuis par le site américain. PriceMinister a ainsi attiré 10,98 millions de visiteurs uniques, suivi par eBay (10,62 millions), La Redoute (9,27 millions), Amazon, voyages-sncf.com, Carrefour, Fnac, Cdiscount, venteprivee.com, 3 Suisses…

L’e-commerce devrait enfin trouver un relais de croissance dans le m-commerce (achat sur internet mobile). Une marge de progression est encore envisageable sur le “taux de transformation” (concrétisation de la visite sur un site en achat). Il est de 1,89% (1,74% au premier trimestre), lorsque les Anglais affichent un taux proche de 4%.

http://hightech.challenges.fr/actualites/20100909.CHA7707/lecommerce_francais_se_porte_bien.html

 

 

  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »